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Blood Sugar Level

Blood Sugar Level - Normal blood Glucose (sugar) levels are 60-110 mg/dL
Hyperglycemia, also called high blood sugar, occurs when the glucose (sugar) levels in the blood are very high (generally >180mg/dl or above). It occurs due to inadequate insulin production, insensitivity to insulin or due to increased food intake. Please contact your doctor immediately, and upon his or her recommendation contact the dietitian to address this condition.
Often cancer patients may be put onto corticosteroids, such as dexamethasone or prednisone. These drugs can cause increased blood sugar levels in their blood. Many patients who are on steroids for their illness, and have developed these high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), will automatically return to normal after the medication has been stopped.
Some patients may also be receiving Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN), through their vein (IV). The TPN solution contains a very high concentration of glucose. In most patients the body is able to regulate the blood glucose levels, but in some cases, while the patient is on TPN, their blood sugar levels may be elevated.
Symptoms of hyperglycemia:
Frequent urination
Increased appetite
Increased thirst
Weight loss
What should a patient do when their blood glucose levels are too high? Patients should first contact their doctor to inform him about the high blood sugar level. Thereafter, patients must try and follow a diet that has been planned by their dietitian even if they only have a short-term elevation in blood sugar levels due to an infection, or the use of steroids. The right diet can help diminish these symptoms.
Hypoglycemia, also called low blood sugar, occurs when your blood glucose (blood sugar) level drops too low to provide enough energy for your body's activities.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia include:
nervousness and unsteadiness
dizziness or light-headedness
difficulty speaking
feeling anxious or weak
What should the patient do when their blood glucose test result is very low. The patient must first reconfirm the test, and then take the following preventive steps -
Have 4 oz of fruit juice or 1cup low fat milk or 1tbsp sugar (all these foods contain 15g of simple carb which are quickly absorbed). Wait 15 min then check sugar levels again. If still low, take another 15g of carbs. Re-check blood sugar levels after 15 min. If they have gone up 30-50 points then eat a small snack which has carbs and protein in it e.g. crackers with cheese or 1/2 sandwich of Peanut butter, or a little fruit with nuts.
If the levels are extreme, contact the doctor about the low blood sugar level immediately.
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Health Solutions | In Depth Coverage provides web-based nutrition tools and services that enable consumers to take charge of their own health. Our clinical nutrition programs provide online nutrition counseling services for weight-control; nutrition therapy for managing diabetes and cancer and customized menu plans to lower cholesterol. Our online nutritionists provide health risk assessments, diet evaluations, guidance and support to address the consumers underlying health conditions and personal likes and dislikes.

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