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Blood Sodium Levels

The normal range for blood sodium levels is 135 to 145 mill equivalents per liter (mEq/L).
Low Sodium (Ref. The Merck Manual of Health Aging)
Hyponatremia: A low sodium level (hyponatremia) may result from not consuming enough sodium in the diet, excreting too much (in sweat or urine), or being over hydrated.
Having a low sodium level can cause confusion, drowsiness, muscle weakness, and sometimes seizures. A more rapid fall in the sodium level often causes more severe symptoms than a slow fall. A low sodium level is restored to a normal level by gradually and steadily giving sodium and water intravenously.
High Sodium (Ref. The Merck Manual of Health Aging)
Hypernatremia: A high sodium level (hypernatremia) is usually caused by dehydration or use of diuretics.
Typically, thirst is the first symptom. A person with a high sodium level may become weak and feel sluggish. A very high sodium level can cause confusion, paralysis, coma, and seizures.
If the sodium level is slightly high, drinking fluids can lower it. Once the body's fluids are replaced, the high level of sodium returns to a normal level.
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