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Riboflavin also known as Vitamin B2

Wednesday, December 21, 2011
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Riboflavin also known as Vitamin B2Riboflavin is the 2nd of the 8 or more B Vitamins collectively referred to as B complex vitamins. They are water-soluble vitamins and are neither manufactured nor stored in the body.

All B vitamins individually have specific roles to play in the body during the breakdown process (catabolism) of carbohydrates to give energy, as well as during protein & fat metabolism. These B vitamins are essential for healthy skin, hair, eyes, liver and normal functioning of the nervous system.

Riboflavin also known as Vitamin B2 acts as a Co-factor for many enzymes in major biochemical pathways

Major functions -

  • In Energy production: Like Thiamin & Niacin, Riboflavin is also critical for the release of energy from foods. Proteins with riboflavin attached (flavoprotein) act as co enzymes, viz: FAD & FMN (Flavin Adenine di-nucleotide & Flavin mononucleotide respectively) and participate in oxidation-reduction reactions in metabolic pathways leading to energy production. Naturally these flavoproteins are distributed throughout the body but even more so where oxygen-based energy production is constantly needed such as heart and skeletal muscle, etc.



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User Comments

31 December, 2011 | supriya Tule | Reply

supriya Tule I get a sore throat very often and always would attribute it to infection, could it be Riboflavin Deficiency? I eat pretty much everything so what foods should I focus on in that case?

02 January, 2012 | Sangeetha Narayana Swamy | Reply

Sangeetha Narayana Swamy Hello Supriya,

Severe Riboflavin deficiency will lead to sore throat. You will also have other symptoms like mouth and lip sores, swelling of the mucous membranes.

As mentioned in the article its the most widely available vitamin, but care should be taken so that you do not lose it during storage and cooking. All the good sources are mentioned in the article (page 4).

Thank you for your query,

Sangeetha Narayana Swamy,
Senior Dietitian,

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