Are newly diagnosed diabetics at greater risk of advanced liver disease?
The negative impact of diabetes on the cardiovascular, renal, nervous and retinal systems is well recognized and regular screening for complications with these systems is advised by health care providers world over. However, awareness about diabetes potential complications on the liver, an organ that plays a central and crucial role in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism and maintenance of blood glucose levels is still falling short.
A new study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal in June 2010 suggests that adults with newly diagnosed diabetes could be at higher long-term risk of serious liver disease, including cirrhosis and liver failure.
Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus has risen to an unprecedented level over the past decade. According to World Health Organization statistics, more than 220 million people worldwide have diabetes and it is one of the leading contributors to ill health and premature mortality worldwide.
This study evaluated whether adults with newly diagnosed diabetes were at increased risk of serious liver disease. The results showed that adults with newly diagnosed diabetes had a significantly higher risk of developing serious liver disease than those without diabetes and this result held across demographic strata and with adjustment for other known risk factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
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